CHOSEN: End Times Newsletter – Issue 184
Why should we fear Father? Stop and take notice of events that are going on. Is it Father’s anger? Search the Word and see how many times fear is mentioned in the bible. What events are related with the word fear?
Psalm 64:8-10 They will be made to stumble;
their own tongues work against them.
All who see them will shake their heads. Then everyone will fear
and will tell about God’s work,
for they will understand what He has done. The righteous rejoice in the LORD and take refuge in Him;
all the upright in heart offer praise.
Psalm 76:6-8 At Your rebuke, God of Jacob, both chariot and horse lay still. And You – You are to be feared. When You are angry, who can stand before You?
Psalm 86:11 Teach me Your way, LORD, and I will live by Your truth. Give me an undivided mind to fear Your name.
Psalm 90:11 Who understands the power of Your anger? Your wrath matches the fear that is due You.
End Times Truths on BlogTalkRadio
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Freedom From Corruption
1.guilty of dishonest practices, as bribery; lacking integrity; crooked: a corrupt judge.
2.debased in character; depraved; perverted; wicked; evil: a corrupt society.
3.made inferior by errors or alterations, as a text.
–verb (used with object)
6.to destroy the integrity of; cause to be dishonest, disloyal, etc., especially by bribery.
7.to lower morally; pervert: to corrupt youth.
8.to alter (a language, text, etc.) for the worse; debase.
9.to mar; spoil.
10.to infect; taint.
11.to make putrid or putrescent.
12.English Law . to subject (an attainted person) to corruption of blood.
This planet and it’s inhabitants are corrupt. Soil, seed, air, water. Flesh, hearts, minds. Some are aware of this, and some are utterly unaware.
Hosea 7:3 [ Israel’s Corruption ] They please the king with their evil, the princes with their lies.
2 Peter 2:19 They promise them freedom, but they themselves are slaves of corruption, since people are enslaved to whatever defeats them.
Transformation is coming.
1 Corinthians 15:50 [ Victorious Resurrection ] Brothers, I tell you this: flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, and corruption cannot inherit incorruption.
We will shed that which enslaves us and become the children that Yahweh not only desires, but deserves. Through faith in Christ, we are made free.
Romans 8:21 that the creation itself will also be set free from the bondage of corruption into the glorious freedom of God’s children.
2 Peter 1:4 By these He has given us very great and precious promises, so that through them you may share in the divine nature, escaping the corruption that is in the world because of evil desires.
Woe to those who enslave the captives and do not release them. Blessed are those who are freed.
Exodus 6:6 “Therefore tell the Israelites: I am Yahweh, and I will deliver you from the forced labor of the Egyptians and free you from slavery to them. I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and great acts of judgment.
We would like to announce the arrival of Book Two, the continuation of Chosen: End Times Truths Revealed.
Book Two starts where the first book left off and includes accounts from ministers Regina, Johanna, Deborah, and Elisha describing their individual journeys and experiences in their service to Yahweh and Christ over the past several years in autobiographical form.
It is available in .pdf form for free via www.chosen.weebly.com and will be updated monthly.
The Journey Continues
Below is a sneak-peek of each of the books included in Chosen, Book Two
There are many days in which I feel as though I must stop and focus and just try to get through the next 24 hours, some days even just the next hour, and then that day passes and the next arrives and passes, and arrives until all of a sudden a year has passed, and then two and four and now five. It’s odd how time can seem to pass so slowly and quickly at the same time. Many of these days, the good and the not-so-good, I will recount here and many have receded to the deeper recesses of my mind but what I’m able to remember, I share with you here honestly and openly…
On October 2nd or 3rd of 2005, I was on this website were there were camera’s placed through out peoples homes who claimed that they were being haunted. I have always liked supernatural things. I believed in ghost, angels and demons. I started talking to this woman and asked her how she see’s the things that she does. I also told her that I believed in spirit guides. She told me that she couldn’t help me with the guides but that she knew of a website where I could find some answers. She sent me the link to a forum by the name of “Beyond This World”. After looking at a few things and noticing that they had psychic exercises I decided to sign up to become a member…
Word came to us toward the end of May 2010 that we were to begin documenting our experiences ending where Chosen left off. Each Minister is to produce a “book” of our own that will be incorporated into Chosen. Its a little daunting to say the least. I have not been journaling as Regina has been (it isn’t something I naturally do). Also, I actually do not have a very good memory. But I trust that those things that Father wishes us to recall we will. We have been guided by Michael to read the book of ACTS to guide us. It seems to focus on events that show times of strong guidance from/interactions with Holy Spirit…
In 2006, I was able to reconnect with a long time friend. I found out she had co-authored a book. Considering how we had grown up together I was interested in the fact that she had written one and wanted to read it myself. She, Regina, sent me the book and some more details about it. I found out it was a lot to take in and did so in baby steps with much prayer and guidance from Father. I was blessed to freely ask any question of Regina and felt comfortable in doing so. I read the book with an open mind and while some of it confirmed my deepest suspicions other information provided was such an eye-opener…
1/31/11 Why Yahweh has slated the fall of the United States, Satan’s present throne.
Joe: [ The Coming of the Son of Man ] “Then there will be signs in the sun, moon, and stars; and there will be anguish on the earth among nations bewildered by the roaring sea and waves.”
You’ve seen the signs in the heavenly three, and that of the “roaring sea and waves” is representative of the people roaring, and the waves of discontent they ripple their governments with. As the financial collapse has effected all nations because all followed suit, so to will all feel the ripples of discontent as the domino effect takes place. Where past greed by the Egyptian government is the cause of the Egyptian crisis, the United States, though also a government that has fuel greed among the elite, and squandered the wealth of its citizens by treating them as second class subservient workers to fuel the pocketbooks of other nations, it will fall into discontent because of its large debt being called upon to be paid to the nations it has borrowed from. As the hidden insolvency comes to light due to the coming revelation that the gold reserve is depleted, all programs will be cut, and when no money is being used to quell those on hard times, the people will take to the streets and follow the pattern set by Egypt, because EGYPT is the setting for the reflection of the past when Moses delivered Yahweh’s children out of slavery. Satan will lose this throne and gain another in the his installment to that of the European Union whom will issue the World currency that will soon come into existence.
You are each watching the pieces of the jigsaw puzzle fall into place. The United States faces yet another dilemma. It prefers that the Egyptian ruler remain in place as an ally, but to keep its deception in place that it believes in equality and freedom, it must take a stand with the people, or else its true nature will becomes known. Is this Satan’s original plan for his children? No. But Satan cannot control the beast he has brought into existence. Like him, they became greedy for power and control. He cannot have the foundation he inspired when the original formers of the United States set this country into motion. Yahweh has steadily steered his prized child off course, just as he went off course from Yahweh. He was a rebel, and they are rebellious to his rule.
1 Peter 5:8 [ Conclusion ] Be sober! Be on the alert! Your adversary the Devil is prowling around like a roaring lion, looking for anyone he can devour.”
The above piece in the jigsaw puzzle only applies to those in opposition to his throne… of authority. He does not seek to devour his own children. If he did, then he would be absent his human family.
Proverbs 14:28 “A large population is a king’s splendor, but a shortage of people is a ruler’s devastation.”
Satan is the ruler of this world, so it applies to him as well.
Saying one’s self believes in Christ will not divide that one from Satan’s family unless they serve the Creator in Truth. Otherwise, that one remains in union with Satan. Deceiving one’s self that they are of Christ’s flock does not dissolve the unity they share as Satan’s brood. Yahweh and Christ can only accept those that worship in Truth and with sincerity. Knowing the Truth will not save anyone. Satan knows the Truth, and so do his demons. It requires a clean heart and a willingness to remain faithful once you’ve learned the Truth. Being blind to the Truth is no defense, because Yahweh says you must seek it like you were looking for a treasure. Falling short of the Truth with that of an unclean heart keeps the person in Satan’s family.
2 Peter 1:9 “The person who lacks these things is blind and shortsighted, and has forgotten the cleansing from his past sins.”
John 7:33 “Then Jesus said, “I am only with you for a short time. Then I’m going to the One who sent Me.”
If Christ is Yahweh, did he send himself? And who is he returning to if he is Yahweh? Doesn’t make sense doe it, unless Yahweh is also in existence and Christ is Her Son.
Hebrews 2:7 “You made him lower than the angels for a short time; You crowned him with glory and honor”
Micah 6:10 “Are there still the treasures of wickedness and the accursed short measure in the house of the wicked?”
This applies to the nations as well. The treasures are depleted. The short measures are those of everything you purchase being given in smaller quantity but higher prices.
Psalm 15:2 “The one who lives honestly, practices righteousness, and acknowledges the truth in his heart —” Can you acknowledge that what you have is the Truth? The jigsaw pieces are to help you see the Truth.
Psalm 25:5 “Guide me in Your truth and teach me, for You are the God of my salvation; I wait for You all day long.” Yahweh and Christ will guide you if you open your heart too the Truth.
Psalm 25:10 “All the LORD’s ways [show] faithful love and truth to those who keep His covenant and decrees.”
They must be kept after you are enlighten to the Truth of “the Way.” That is Yahweh’s Way, not man’s and Satan’s. Nations follow Satan’s path even though rebellious to him, because they are no less rebels to Yahweh’s Throne in Her eyes. If you follow the national path, you are of Satan’s brood. You must set yourself apart from this world. A good example is Enmeduranki. That demon is rebellious to Satan, but it does not absolve his opposition to Yahweh and Her Son. The two fallen angels are both rebels in Yahweh’s eyes. The only eyes that count. She balances the Scale of who belongs to Her and whom belongs to Satan.
Job 31:6 “let God weigh me with an accurate balance, and He will recognize my integrity.” Yahweh is fair in Her assessments. Don’t be found Tekel.
Daniel 5:27 “TEKEL [means that] you have been weighed in the balance and found deficient.”
Psalm 62:9 “Men are only a vapor; exalted men, an illusion. On a balance scale, they go up; together they [weigh] less than a vapor.”
Don’t place your faith in mankind.
Cordelia: Very well said Joe! Yahweh and Christ will not want people who show no interest in Them to be in Christ’s coming Kingdom. The way you explain John 7:33 makes me laugh
Joe: Thank you. Many people believe our Mother and Christ are one in the same. Their reasoning astounds me, because when they cannot explain what is obviously an untruth, they resort to saying it’s “the mystery of the trinity.” All the time I spent in Heaven, I never heard of that mystery – except one writing at the old Great Hall’s repository, where it mentioned that Satan the Devil is also like a Black Widow, in that he spins his web of lies around those that he sucks the life out of. Then it mentions him being like a multi-headed beast that wanted to create the trinity for deception as the definition he inspired states:
trinity >noun (pl. trinities) 1 (the Trinity or the Holy Trinity) the three persons of the Christian Godhead; Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. 2 a group of three people or things.
-ORIGIN Latin trinitas ‘triad’, from trinus ‘threefold’.
The fallacy is, it’s a lie. Yahweh’s Holy Spirit is Her Active Force. It works under Mother’s guidance and not independently. The Son Christ, was the rebirth of Michael under that new and better name that Mother gave him along with authority over all of Her creation. Her excepted. And Yahweh, She is also the only real thing in creation, simply because She was not created. That makes Her Israel. Meaning. She “IS REAL.” That was part of a mystery, but has been revealed to discount Satan’s lie about the trinity. When Mother renamed some of Her faithful servants, like Abram to Abraham, or her Archenemy Dawn Lucifer to Satan the Devil, it was always to serve as a proper identification of a person or thing. Satan being also called a dragon and serpent, that aptly identifies his disposition. He is also like a roaring lion that is dangerous because it is on the hunt for its prey – Yahweh’s faithful ,- and being a black widow, he is deadly and spins not only webs of deception, but also as entanglements that bind and enslave people and spirits to do his will. In addition, the web can become so dense that it blinds its victims from the light and entwines them to false threads of fabrications he spins as truth. And lastly, the Great Hall’s mention of his Black Widow characteristic also made mention of the spider web he inspired as humankind’s Internet. Although we make use of it, he stole the concept from Heaven where real cyber-like spiritual space truly exists, not just computer to computer in a network. But, Satan must work with what he has available in order to try and copy or duplicate the things he had previously known in the heavens. There is nothing new under the sun, only a variation of past learned concepts.
Cordelia: The trinity falsehood is taught by all major Christian denominations including the three I’m familiar with: Methodist, Baptist and Assemblies of God. I used to wonder why Jesus prayed to Himself but was told He did that to show the Great Mystery of three-in-one Godhead, how there are three but they’re the same…The reasoning is this: if SO many Christians believe in it, how can it be wrong? That’s the great deception! So those that reject the trinity are all called cults. When these Christians read about something they’re not familiar with, right away they dismiss as falsehood. I dare them to pray to Yahweh. I’m so thankful that my guides helped me to take that leap of faith.
Do the math children, and analyze the situation. Then form your own conclusion.
Can Satan intervene and save his favored child? He’s trying, but his wits must be matched against our Mother Yahweh’s. Now, Satan’s opponent sent by Michael is set to halt his intervention. Will Satan win out, or will Seraiah rock him off his present throne? The mirror effect is this: Satan, once a prized friend and loyal subject and deputy to our Creator as Dawn Lucifer, and Seraiah, once a friend and loyal soldier to Satan, both now face each other in opposed positions. Mother Yahweh refers to Satan as a traitor of Her throne, and Satan accuses Seraiah of being a traitor to his throne. What goes around comes around. Satan is being taught a lesson about his own past conduct. Now he knows how it feels to be betrayed, and to have children of disobedience in your kingdom. As Yahweh lost control of Her Divine Plan and had to devise a War Plan, Satan must match wits and try to bring his own War Plan into harmony with his will. To do that, he must first gain control of his human family that are spiraling out from under his influence. Seraiah has vowed that Satan will not gain that control until he deserts his present throne for the one that will eventually end his kingdom rule on earth.
The United States says that the Egyptian government should respect the people that are protesting. but when it happens here, will the U.S. hold that view. or will they use force against their citizens to try and regain control? That control will never again be under this present government. The people of the United States are destined to come under the new Rome’s citizenship. By the 5th month of this year, everything will be moving towards that change.
If you do not want to be caught in the bedlam of the cities, there is still some time left. Group together and buy rural property where you can form a community and grow crops for sustenance. Try to obtain property with a fresh water supply… above ground. Build your shelter homes beneath the ground. Eventually Satan’s new rule will be crushed. If you are fortunate, and though you might have missed the first Rapture, there is a chance for a second one. By then you should have come to the conclusion that you were taught the Truth. Seek Yahweh and Christ with a clean heart. Pray for deliverance from this pit you are presently in.
Deborah: It’s no coincidence that the news report mentions gas at $5 and $5 billion more leaving the US economy.
Joe: Correct child. The present tax on fuel that has caused it to rise is for repayment of the funds that were printed and infused into the economy in a lost effort to revive it. Things will steadily go down hill. There is no climbing back out of this pit. All countries except for the E.U. and China will be bankrupt as this fall continues. Those two kingdoms will push against one another until war breaks out.
China is planning to invade Taiwan. Will the United States threaten its largest lender and honor its promise to Taiwan? China can sink the United States economically without firing a shot. Satan’s own pawns have maneuvered themselves into losing positions.
Satan wants to halt China’s plan. Seraiah wants them to follow through. This is part of the Chess War Board being fought in the background of the spirit realm.
Cordelia: The best of time, the worst of time! Oh Mother Yahweh, open the eyes of their hearts and keep our faith strong.
Joe – “Huge seismic burst jolts the Pacific?
Children, I believe this was associated with the LOZ that are and have been trying to bring forth a tremendous sea quake in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. A colossal wave that spirals out in all directions is their intent. Of course though, it is not the demons So they are battling it out. And from what Jake told me, the shadow arm of the U.S. government is prepping to use lasers against the LOZ in the depths of the earth by firing where Satan gives depth and locations of the LOZ in various underground regions of this planet. Their lasers are set to destroy positive energy.
Regina – I read in the news yesterday that scientists are going to drill 5 miles down into the earth. No coincidence I’m sure.
Joe – If they follow through, that will be the beasts reply to Mother Yahweh’s offer of mercy in exchange for governmental surrender.
1 Samuel 2:10 “Those who oppose the LORD will be shattered; He will thunder in the heavens against them. The LORD will judge the ends of the earth. He will give power to His king; He will lift up the horn of His anointed.”
Michael is the horn. He leads the LOZ. The USA, if they take this action will show they openly oppose Mother’s offer of mercy, and Michael will withdraw the offer for surrender early.
”Philippians 2:10 so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow— of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth —” The key is “under the earth.”
The race that’s been living beneath the earth is now about to become involved in this spiritual war in all likelihood because of the planets upheaval. They had remained neutral and were willing to follow the WAY and not become involved with the spiritual war, but now things have changed and they are taking sides with neither the holy or the evil.. If they decide to surface, they will wage a war against both the LOZ and the demons and mankind:( Their underground kingdom is being rocked by the LOZ (and also from the two factions whom are fighting – LOZ and demons) whether intentional or not in their (LOZ’s) efforts to punish the topside world of creation. Thus far they have not engaged the LOZ or the demons in their own domain.
And yes children, there is a race under Mars, and other planets that the topside inhabitants were destroyed off of. The depths of planets are considered kingdoms of a different variety. And during the Great Flood, they were not affected because they live in a fiery domain and are a completely different species that dwell in planets, although none are related to one another in genesis . In likeness though, they are very much alike as fire beings.
(Quoting Regina) “I read in the news yesterday that scientists are going to drill 5 miles down into the earth. No coincidence I’m sure.”
Well, I’m surprised that the underground dwellers have not attacked mankind in the past for nuclear underground blasts. If they enter the war, they will set the topside ablaze. The drilling operation might spark more than they are ready for on the top. Satan has probably kept their existence a secret from his beast, hoping to not have a confrontation with those that dwell in the earth.
Revelation 5:3 “But no one in heaven or on earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll or even to look in it.”
Revelation mentions them and the scroll children. Mother must have expected their involvement.
Revelation 5:13 “I heard every creature in heaven, on earth, under the earth, on the sea, and everything in them say: Blessing and honor and glory and dominion to the One seated on the throne, and to the Lamb, forever and ever!”
Evidently, not all of the underground dwellers will become involved. Some are recorded as giving blessing and honor and glory and their dominion to Yahweh and Christ.
Giving dominion means all creations wherever they might dwell, give their entirety willingly over to our Mother and Christ’s rule.
Like an electric ell, you don’t handle it. And that is why there is a separation from Yahweh’s fire creations and those that are flesh and blood. They are not meant to mix with one another. Coming in contact would be disastrous. Each to his own domain. One thing for one existence, and another for its existence, but all belong to Yahweh, just like those that live in hot stars and migrate to another as one dies out. It is part of their natural cycle of change.
Like the oceans of earth that presently team with diverse sea life, but are now dying, the expanse can be compared to the seas. because it too teams with all sorts of life. Yahweh is not limited to any one species. She likes diversity. That is born out in the creation of this planet and all that exists upon and within it.
1/24/11 We are Surrounded by the evidence that Dawn Lucifer was a traitor
Joe: We are surrounded by the evidence that Dawn Lucifer was a traitor, and sought to defy Israel because he did not believe She would take on Her male attribute of Yahweh the Warrior to square the sinful conduct perpetrated against Her Royal Crown.
He confused love and justice for weakness when combined. He was wrong on that assumption. As Christ spoke in the past – “Don’t assume…”
Johanna: When you assume something you are leaning on your own understanding.
Regina: Matthew 10:34 “Don’t assume that I came to bring peace on the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.
When I look at the picture above as a thumbnail, it looks like a fishbowl with fish and jellyfish and a scuba diver in it.
Joe: We are living in a fishbowl. That is why the earth’s affairs are a theatrical spectacle to those in the spirit realm. All things both seen and seemingly hidden are in full view.
1 Corinthians 4:9 “For I think God has displayed us, the apostle…s, in last place, like men condemned to die: we have become a spectacle to the world and to angels and to men.”
Mother has unveiled everyone and everything – even the safe zones are not concealed from Her eyes.
Jeremiah 16:17 “for My gaze takes in all their ways. They are not concealed from Me, and their guilt is not hidden from My sight.”
Those thrown alive into the Orange Plane prison are bombarded by their dead comrades considered as waste.
Nahum 3:6 “I will throw filth on you and treat you with contempt; I will make a spectacle of you.”
Those of mankind that commit treacherous crimes in secret, they are watched in secrecy by the holy ghosts that serve as witnesses against them (observers of conduct) in the assembly of Heaven where all is revealed to those that will mark them with a hook and apprehend them for justice to take its course against all evil perpetrated in our Mother’s creation. No sin goes unnoticed.
Proverbs 26:26 “Though his hatred is concealed by deception, his evil will be revealed in the assembly.”
Criminals seek to conceal their crimes from mankind, but all is revealed on the other side where true justice is meted out.
Genesis 37:24 “Then they took him and threw him into the pit. The pit was empty; there was no water in it.”
Each criminal of creation passing to the other side is incarcerated in a dark realm where they thirst for relief from what was awaiting them.
And even the nation of the earth cannot escape the treachery they have perpetrated. Yahweh sinks them farther into the pit of desolation they’ve created by following Satan’s guidance coupled with our Mother’s intervention.
Psalm 9:15 “The nations have fallen into the pit they made; their foot is caught in the net they have concealed.”
Balancing the scales of justice against those whom are non repentant and do not come under the Ransom Sacrifice.
Deuteronomy 19:21 “You must not show pity: life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, and foot for foot.”
Christ is the only hope out of this world destined for destruction. Yahweh is the only One that can effect the escape from what is destined to those left behind. She provided the only hope and the escape for those found worthy.
2 Samuel 22:2-4 (Holman Christian Standard Bible) “He said: The LORD is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer, my God, my mountain where I seek refuge. My shield, the horn of my salvation, my stronghold, my refuge,and my Savior, You save me from violence.I called to the LORD, who is worthy of praise,and I was saved from my enemies.”
To be taken to a stronghold by deliverance on to the Mountain of Mother Israel, where refuge from the coming horrendous violence will be provided. With Yahweh, no one can touch us, because our Mother is Israel upon Mount Zion.
Cordelia: “Christ is the only hope out of this world destined for destruction.” I’ll be quoting that often. It never ceases to amaze me how every time Bible verses from different books come together so nicely – Yahweh is most worthy of praise!
Possible UFO sighting shuts down airport in Norway
ABC News reports March 20th UFO sighting in Lafayette, Colorado
Possible UFO fleet reported in Mexico
Triangle UFO over Brighton, UK looks similar to that of Lafayette, Colorado?
Same UFOs returned to Maryborough, Australia after nearly a month?
Banks will use fed funds to repay fed bailout
U.S.’s Shifting Stance on Arming Rebels: Once ‘Illegal,’ But What Now?
Barclays ‘making up to £340 million profit’ on food price speculation
Oil jumps to 2-1/2-year highs, posts big Q1 gains
Government shutdown looms as congressional budget talks stall
11-Year-Old Girl Gang Raped in California Park Bathroom
Police: Ohio Woman Choked Walmart Greeter, 71
New Jersey Woman Charged With Torture in Case of Brutalized Pit Bull Puppy
2 Chicago Police officers accused of sex assault
Dodger Fans Attack, Critically Injure Giants Fan
The mission of Arks of Safe Haven is to connect via an extensive network and online message board forum, those individuals and families who have been affected by recent economic downfalls and are in need with those individuals who are ready, willing and capable of providing assistance to those in need with employment, shelter, work, food, clothing and other necessities.
Coupled with our primary mission of delivering the Kingdom Message of Salvation, the assistance of Arks of Safe Haven is available to all who are in need. Our purposeful intention is to follow in the footsteps of Christ as our example, by providing hope to the hopeless and answering the prayers of those who have been forced to live outside of society.
How You Can Help?
In order to provide for those whose outcry of prayers have reached our heavenly Father’s ears, Arks of Safe Haven is seeking out those who are able to provide shelter, whether it be an extra bedroom, empty rental property or a work for room and board agreement. Additionally, we also act as a liaison in connecting those with tangible items to donate to those in need like Food, Water, Clothing, & Other Personal Items. We pray that your heart is motivated to make a contribution, no matter how small. Visit www.arksofsafehaven.org and view the many posts from those in need to see if you’re able to help with advice, prayers or goods & services.
Resource used: http://globaldisasterwatch.blogspot.com/
5.7 FIJI REGION
5.2 OFF EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.0 NEAR EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.2 NEAR N COAST OF PAPUA, INDONESIA
5.0 SOUTH OF FIJI ISLANDS
5.7 OFFSHORE GUATEMALA
6.5 NEAR EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.5 NEAR EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.0 NEAR EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.1 NEAR EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.1 OFFSHORE VALPARAISO, CHILE
5.4 LIBERTADOR O’HIGGINS, CHILE
5.4 NEAR EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.1 OFF EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.3 NEAR EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.0 NEAR EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.4 OFF EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
6.3 OFF EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.3 SOUTHWESTERN RYUKYU ISL., JAPAN
5.0 KURIL ISLANDS
5.0 GUAM REGION
5.1 BONIN ISLANDS, JAPAN REGION
5.1 NEAR EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.2 NEAR EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.4 NEAR EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
6.0 OFF EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.1 OFF EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.0 OFF EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.3 OFF EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.0 IZU ISLANDS, JAPAN REGION
6.1 NEAR EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
5.0 OFF EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
6.3 FIJI REGION
5.0 OFF EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
Major Temblors Can Set Off Small Eruptions but Not Big Ones, Researchers Say – Seismologists have revived a longstanding question in the wake of recent earthquakes: Can a giant temblor in one location trigger another large one thousands of miles away? A new study provides the first compelling evidence that such big, distant events – which may appear to be linked when they occur within months of each other – are likely not connected at all. “A big quake rings the earth like a bell and can trigger little quakes” halfway across the planel. But apparently it doesn’t trigger other big quakes over such great distances.
Geophysicists have long known that major quakes unleash bursts of energy that travel around the globe in uncertain ways. But now some scientists speculate that only sustained pressure can significantly move fault lines and thus trigger other large temblors. In addition, energy dissipates as it travels, so quakes pack a much weaker punch by the time their shockwaves reach a fault line far away. The issue has become more pressing in the aftermath of several large, destructive earthquakes that have taken a deadly toll in the past 15 months, striking China, Haiti, Chile, New Zealand and now Japan. On Thursday a 6.8-magnitude toll struck Myanmar, killing at least 70 people. But long-term data reveal no large increase in global seismic activity, even for big quakes. Since consistent record-keeping began in 1964, the number of big temblors seen globally has stayed fairly constant: An average of 17 quakes of magnitude 7.0 or higher has been recorded each year.
In 1992, a 7.3-magnitude temblor in Landers, California, “lit up the whole western U.S. with quakes over the next few hours and days.” The event altered the eruption cycle of geysers at Yellowstone National Park, some 680 miles away. Similarly, a big Alaska temblor in 2002 led to a swarm of smaller quakes in Yellowstone, knocked houseboats off their moorings in Seattle and even sloshed the water of a lake in Louisiana. The 8.8-magnitude event that rocked Chile in 2010 also led to an increase in micro-earthquakes in central California, a few hours after the main shock. The huge 2004 temblor in Indonesia led to more frequent “repeating earthquakes” in a section of the San Andreas fault in California, and may even have weakened that fault. But due to the type of sustained energy needed to trigger a large quake, residents of California don’t face a higher seismic risk because of the Indonesia, Chile or Japan quakes, researchers said. A team studied a 30-year seismographic record of all possible quakes larger than magnitude 5 that might have been triggered by every quake of magnitude 7 or larger. Their conclusion: “There is not evidence for very large earthquakes promoting other very large earthquakes at a global scale,” although big aftershocks can occur around the original rupture.
BURMA / MYANMAR – Earthquake toll rises. At least 75 people are nnow eported to have been killed and many more injured after the powerful 6.8 earthquake struck north-eastern Burma on Thursday. The quake struck near the Lao and Thai borders, and was felt as far away as the Thai capital Bangkok, and in the Vietnamese capital, Hanoi. The town of Tachileik and surrounding villages in Shan state appear to have borne the brunt of the earthquake. There are fears the casualties could be much higher.
Burma is ill prepared to deal with natural disasters. Communication systems and infrastructure are poor and the military government, still in charge until the handover to a new civilian-led administration, tends to limit the flow of information. It is likely to take some time before a clear picture of the disaster emerges.
Several hundred buildings collapsed north of the town of Tachileik, in mountains near the border with Thailand. Roads and bridges have been damaged making affected areas hard to reach. “We are trying to reach the remote areas. The military, police and local authorities are trying to find some people injured in those affected areas but the roads are still closed.” One woman was killed in the border town of Mae Sai in Thailand and slight damage has been reported to some buildings but major towns and cities appear to have escaped relatively unscathed.
In neighbouring Laos, no casualties have been reported. Earlier reports suggested there had been two strong earthquakes moments apart in the same area, but the USGS later clarified that there had been just one quake. On 11 March, a 5.4-magnitude earthquake struck just north of the area, 225km (140 miles) southwest of Dali in Yunnan, southern China. That was the same day as the 9.0-magnitude quake and tsunami hit Japan; however, Japan is on a different tectonic plate.
BURMA – Junta Possibly Concealing Earthquake Casualties. Hundreds of earthquake victims who were hospitalized in Tachilek on Saturday had disappeared by Sunday, in what sources say was a Burmese government effort to downplay damage from the magnitude 7.0 tremor. On Saturday, reporters visited the Tachilek Hospital and saw that it was overwhelmed by hundreds of earthquake victims, many of them forced to stay out in the open air. Hospital staff estimated at the time that about 700 patients were being treated. Reporters returned to the hospital on Sunday, but saw no patients outside of the hospital building and only normal patients inside in numbers that totalled much fewer than the day before. When asked where the other patients went, hospital staff and patients said they were “sent away” by the local authorities.
Local residents said that earthquake victims were moved away from the hospital after journalists visited and sent out reports, photos and video footage of the earthquake damage and casualties.
Local sources said at least 200 people in the hardest-hit villages in Shan State, including the town of Tarlay, lost their life. About 30 people died in Mong Linn alone, said local residents, and drinking water, medicine, clothes and blankets were urgently needed. Local authorities in Tachilek are accepting aid and supplies donated by individualsi, but won’t allow foreigners to visit hard-hit areas such as Tarlay and Mong Linn. Reporters spoke with many people in Tarlay and Mong Linn who remained in fear, were still sleeping on the ground in temporary shelters despite rainfall and thus far were unwilling to rebuild their houses. “We could not sleep well inside the building because we have to flee every time when we feel the ground shake,” said a health official in Mong Linn. Some residents said they intended to relocate as a result of the earthquake.
Meanwhile, hundreds of earthquake victims living in isolated Shan State villages such as Chakuni that are within areas controlled by ethnic armed groups have not yet received much needed drinking water, food, clothing, medicine or aid from government and nongovernmental organizations. Some Tarlay residents speculated that because Chakuni village is close to ethnic armed groups, the government is afraid of traveling to the village and areas nearby to provide aid and supplies to the earthquake victims. Chakuni residents said that all houses in the village were damaged and 22 people died while praying in a village church, while everyone else inside the church was seriously injured.
CANADA – 3.5-magnitude quake near Ontario nuclear facility. No damage was reported after a minor tremor Tuesday near the Atomic Energy Canada Ltd. nuclear laboratories in Chalk River, Ontario. The 3.5-magnitude quake happened about 70 km northeast of Chalk River, around 12:04 p.m. Tuesday. Chalk River is about 200 km northwest of Ottawa. The Chalk River nuclear reactor is run by AECL, which produces medical isotopes at the site.
“Western Quebec gets anywhere from 100 to 150 earthquakes about this size each year. This was one of the larger events this year, but we expect several of its size. Because this is a very isolated area, with little of the population in its vicinity, we haven’t received any reports of any damage or injury or calls of feeling the earthquake.” The Chalk River reactor was shut down in May 2009 when a heavy water leak was discovered. Before that, the reactor produced one-third of the world’s supply of medical isotopes. “We have assembled a team of specialists to study and assess our current situation. We are focusing on the lessons learned from Japan, that’s for sure.”
Swiss Re Expects Quakes To Become Deadlier, Costlier – Earthquakes are becoming deadlier and costlier even if no long-term trend of increasing global earthquake activity has emerged, Swiss Re said Tuesday. “Population growth, the higher number of people living in urban areas as well as rising wealth and rapidly increasing exposures,” is behind the increase. Many of these rapidly growing areas are located in seismically active areas. In 2010, earthquakes accounted for almost a third of the losses, with the February earthquake in Chile and the September quake in New Zealand the two costliest events last year. Losses caused by earthquakes will also be above average this year.
U.S. Lulled on Need for Earthquake Resilience – The United States, lulled by a century of relatively modest earthquakes in populous places, is poorly prepared for the kind of jolt that devastated northern Japan and is inevitable in several parts of this country.
The California Emergency Management Agency cited a study with a simple conclusion: For each dollar spent on mitigation activities, an average of $4 in post-disaster costs is saved. Evidence from Oregon, one of the states most vulnerable to great earthquakes, points out the challenge of moving from such logic, on paper, to investments in vulnerable schools or coastal communities in the inundation zone for the tsunami that will accompany the next great thrust of the Cascadia fault off the Northwest Coast. The report identifies an 18-task road map for implementing the strategic plan adopted by the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program, which would make the nation earthquake resilient. The road map tasks are required to develop the nation’s capacity to maintain important community functions and recover quickly following damaging earthquakes. The commitee estimated that the cost for its earthquake-resilience road map would be $306 million annually over the first five years.
Nuclear workers in Japan evacuated as radiation soars – EXTREMELY high levels of radiation have been detected in water leaking from reactor two of the stricken Fukushima nuclear plant, forcing the evacuation of workers. The level of radiation found in the leaked water was 10 MILLION TIMES HIGHER THAN IT SHOULD BE for water inside the reactor, indicating damage to the fuel rods. “We detected 1000 millisieverts per hour of radiation in a puddle of water at the reactor number two. This figure is 10 million times higher than water usually kept in a reactor. We are examining the cause of this, but no work is being done there because of the high level of radiation. High levels of caesium and other substances are being detected, which usually should not be found in reactor water. There is a high possibility that fuel rods are being damaged.”
The head of the world’s nuclear watchdog agency has warned that Japan is “still far from the end of the accident” that struck its Fukushima nuclear complex.
Japanese authorities are still unsure about whether the reactor cores and spent fuel are covered with the water needed to cool them. The director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency said that he saw a few “positive signs” with the restoration of some external electric power to the plant. But he added that “more efforts should be done to put an end to the accident”.
The nuclear emergency COULD GO ON FOR WEEKS, IF NOT MONTHS, given the enormous damage to the plant, he warned. He said his biggest concern was the spent fuel rods sitting in open cooling pools atop the reactor buildings. He said he was still uncertain that the efforts to spray seawater into the pools to keep the rods from bursting into flames had been successful.
Two weeks after the 9.0-magnitude March 11 quake and subsequent tsunami seriously damaged the ageing nuclear plant in northeastern Japan, rescue work is still under way to avoid a major nuclear disaster. Radiation levels have surged in the seawater in the area and there are concerns that fuel rod vessels or their valves and pipes are leaking. More than 27,000 people are dead or missing after the quake and tsunami.
Levels of radioactive iodine in the sea near the plant have risen to 1,850 times the usual level. The radiation found in the sea will no longer be a risk after eight days because of iodine’s half-life, officials say.
Meanwhile, the Japanese government said that airbone radiation around the plant was decreasing. The UN nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency has now sent extra teams to the Japanese nuclear plant. Tepco has been criticised for a lack of transparency and failing to provide information more promptly. The nation’s nuclear agency said the operator of the Fukushima plant had made a number of mistakes, including worker clothing. This week three workers were exposed to radiation levels 10,000 times higher than normal, suffering burns. Two injured workers were wearing boots that only came up to their ankles and afforded little protection. “Regardless of whether there was an awareness of high radioactivity in the stagnant water, there were problems in the way work was conducted.” Tepco also knew of high air radiation at one reactor several days before the incident at the Fukushima Daiichi plant.
Emergency workers are continuing to cool the reactors in an effort to prevent a meltdown. They have now switched to using more favoured fresh water as a coolant, rather than sea water. There had been fears the salt in sea water could further corrode machinery. The fresh water is being pumped in so that contaminated radioactive water can be extracted. The US 7th Fleet is sending barges loaded with 500,000 gallons of fresh water. The team of more than 700 engineers has found radioactive water in three of the six reactors. Four of the reactors are still considered volatile. “We seem to be keeping the situation from turning worse. But WE STILL CANNOT BE OPTIMISTIC.”
Japan radiation killing sea life – While the U.S. Department of Energy said in public statements that there are “no significant quantities of radiological material” deposited on West coast beaches, there’s growing fears in West Coast fishing communities that Japan’s radiation will spread from its coast to here. Locals have been treated to a clear blue horizon after evenings of disturbing flaming-orange and red sunsets that locals say are “not so much beautiful,” but “sort of scary because of what’s happening with the radiation in Japan.”
The Japanese public television featured new reports Saturday morning that Tokyo’s 13 million residents are under recent measurements of “ambient radiation of 0.22 microsieverts per hours. The Japanese Health Ministry stated that this is “six times normal for Tokyo.” The World Nuclear Association said it cannot predict where the radiation from Japan will eventually wind up because precise radiation detection both in and over the Pacific is “not possible at this time” due to wind and ocean currents that can change.
Japanese media is reporting that the latest radiation scare in its waters have “destroyed aqua farms for abalone, sea urchins, oysters, scallops and seaweed. In turn, officials say this loss accounts for “more than 80 percent of the revenue of the region’s fisheries.” New radiation tests on Saturday showed “iodine 131 levels in seawater 30 km (19 miles) from the coastal nuclear complex had spiked 1,250 times higher than normal, but it was not considered a threat to marine life or food safety.” News that Japan’s radiation crisis has now spread to the Pacific has heighten international concern over Japanese seafood exports, and fish exporters elsewhere are equally worried that the fear of radiation spreading worldwide may tarnish the reputation of the local fish that buyers may view as tainted by radioactive particles.
Oregon authorities have issued new strong warning to keep humans and pets away from all dead sea life found on any Oregon coast beach, “as they could become infected by a disease that’s hitting the population in this area.” While radiation levels are viewed as safe right now along Oregon and other West coast beaches, there have been new warnings about a disease called “leptospirosis” that more recently infected California sea lions by the hundreds. Officials said the disease can spread to humans and dogs who come in contact with an infected sea lion or other dead sea life after the recent quake in Japan triggered massive amounts of questionable debris along West coast beaches. Tthose who walk their dogs along coastal beaches have been warned about dogs reported to be ill with unknown causes. A schnauzer puppy named “buggers,” is now seriously ill, and several other Newport dogs who frequent the local beach are also said to be sick and acting crazy.
U.S. Environment Protection Agency says radiation monitors were offline – Although no dangerous levels of radiation have reached American shores from the troubled Japanese nuclear reactors, some lawmakers are asking if the Nation’s Radiation Monitoring System can safeguard the U.S. against future disasters. Federal officials use the monitors’ readings to confirm the impact of nuclear incidents. Then, they alert local governments and the public. But in California, the Environmental Protection Agency says 4 of its 11 stationary monitors were offline for repairs or maintenance last week. Reports say out of 124 monitors nationwide, about 20 monitors were out of service earlier this week.
Japan activist warns another ‘nuclear quake’ looms – The nuclear safety crisis entering its third week in Japan was not exactly the disaster that long-term activist and author Takashi Hirose foresaw in his book last summer, “Nuclear Reactor Time Bomb”. But except for the location – he had predicted an imminent megaquake and nuclear accident at the Hamaoka plant 200 km southwest of Tokyo – the scenario depicted in his book has proved eerily prescient.
As Hirose watches what he believes is a bungled response by the government and Tokyo Electric Power Company , his fears are as strong as ever that A REPEAT IS SET TO HIT ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE JAPANESE CAPITAL. “I think it will definitely occur soon.” Research on earthquake cycles suggests that a massive quake may be imminent in the Tokai region near the Hamaoka nuclear plant. “I’ve looked at the entire country, and THERE’S NOT A SINGLE REACTOR THAT’S SAFE.”
Japan, at the crossroads of four tectonic plates, is the site of one-fifth of the world’s earthquakes of magnitude 6 or more. The possibility of an imminent magnitude 8-plus earthquake in the Tokai region near the Hamaoka plant was brought to the public’s attention by a geologist in the 1970s and a government report has estimated there is an 87 percent chance of such an earthquake within the next 30 years. “The Pacific plate is moving, and we shouldn’t be expecting that the other plates are just sitting quietly.”
Japan nuclear crisis: Radiation spike report ‘mistaken’ – The operators of a stricken Japanese nuclear plant have apologised for a “mistake” in reporting a radiation spike 10 million times above normal. Tokyo Electric Power Company said it got the readings wrong. Because the level was so high the worker taking the reading had to evacuate before confirming it with a second reading. Despite the mistake, the radiation spike at reactor 2 was still very high and enough to evacuate workers. “The number is not credible. We are very sorry.” The level of radiation in puddles near reactor 2 was confirmed at 1,000 millisieverts an hour. “It is an extremely high figure.” [ 100,000 times the radioactivity of normal background levels – THE HIGHEST RADIATION READINGS YET.] The radiation levels are so high, that emergency workers near the contaminated water would have received four times their maximum annual dose of radiation in just one hour. A dose of 4,000 to 5,000 millisieverts absorbed fairly rapidly will eventually kill about half of those exposed.
The erroneous report has created more confusion around a crisis that is already causing widespread unease in the country. On Sunday, anti-nuclear protesters held a large rally in Tokyo, calling for change in Japan’s nuclear industry. Meanwhile, efforts are continuing to locate the exact source of the radioactive water leak, amid concerns that the water is leaking directly from the reactor itself. The government in Tokyo has said that airborne radiation around the plant is decreasing, so there is no need to extend the evacuation zone.
Officials acknowledged there was radioactive water in all four of the Fukushima Dai-ichi complex’s most troubled reactors, and airborne radiation in Unit 2 measured 1000 millisieverts per hour – four times the limit deemed safe by the government. Officials say they still did not know where the radioactive water was coming from, although a government spokesman has said some was “almost certainly” seeping from a cracked reactor core in one of the units. “We have somewhat prevented the situation from turning worse. But the prospects are not improving in a straight line and we’ve expected twists and turns. The contaminated water is one of them and we’ll continue to repair the damage.” The discovery over the last three days of radioactive water has been a major setback in the mission to get the plant’s crucial cooling systems operating more than two weeks after the massive earthquake and tsunami. Each unit could have hundreds of tonnes of radioactive water.
Unlike in newer reactor designs, the older boiling-water reactors at Daiichi are pierced by dozens of holes in the bottoms of their reactor vessels. Each hole allows one control rod — made of a neutron-absorbing material that quickly stops nuclear fission inside the reactor — to slide into the reactor from below, as happened when the earthquake shook the plant March 11. During normal operations, a graphite stopper covers each hole, sealing in highly radioactive primary cooling water. But at temperatures above 350 degrees Fahrenheit, the graphite stoppers begin to melt.
“Since it is likely that rubble from the broken fuel rods is collecting at the bottom of the reactor, the seals are being damaged by high temperature or high radiation.” As the graphite seals fail, water in the reactor will leak into a network of pipes in the containment buildings surrounding each reactor — the very buildings that have been heavily damaged by explosions. This piping is probably compromised, leaving highly radioactive water to seep from the reactor vessels into broken pipes — and from there into the turbine buildings and beyond. To stabilize the facility, workers are trying to repair the elaborate cooling system, necessary to keep the reactor cores and spent fuel pools from overheating. For now, they are conducting this work in dark, steamy conditions. Nuclear safety experts say they must shift out of the most dangerous areas every 30 minutes to an hour, to prevent radiation overexposure.
One subcontracted worker who laid cables for new electrical lines March 19 described chaotic conditions and lax supervision that made him nervous. Neither he nor any of the workers around him was given a dosimeter, a device used to measure one’s exposure to radiation. He was surprised that workers were not given special shoes; rather, they were told to put plastic bags over their street shoes. [Saw in a photo that some are wearing flip-flops! With plastic bags over them and no socks.] When he was trying on the gas mask for the first time, he said, the supervisor told him and other subcontractors, “Listen carefully, I’m only going to say this one time,” while explaining how to use it.
A sample of Massachusetts rainwater has registered very low concentrations of radiation, most likely from the Japanese nuclear power plant. The radioactive isotope iodine-131 found in the sample – one of more than 100 that have been taken around the country – has a short life of only eight days. The drinking water supply in the state was unaffected and officials do not expect any health concerns. Nevada, California, Hawaii, Colorado and Washington state have also reported tiny amounts of radiation from the Japan accident. Officials have said those levels presented no health risks. Scientists say they weren’t surprised that radioactive isotopes from Japan were detected in the Western states. “They get caught up in the right wind pattern and they’ll move across the ocean.”
Japan’s Prime Minister says his government is in a “STATE OF MAXIMUM ALERT” over the crisis at the stricken Fukushima nuclear plant. He told a Lower House budget committee meeting that the situation “continues to be unpredictable” and that the government “will tackle the problem while in a state of maximum alert”.
Radiation leak found outside Japan nuclear reactor – Highly radioactive water has been found for the first time outside one of the reactor buildings at Japan’s quake-hit Fukushima nuclear plant. The leak in a tunnel linked to the No 2 reactor has raised fears of radioactive liquid seeping into the environment. Plutonium has also been found in soil at the plant, but not at levels that threaten human health.
Up until now, pools of water with extremely high levels of radiation have only been detected within the reactor buildings themselves. The water was found in an underground maintenance tunnel, with one end located about 55m (180ft) from the shore. Radiation levels were measured at 1,000 millisieverts an hour, a dose that can cause temporary radiation sickness. This is the same as the levels found on Sunday. However, Tepco said there was no evidence that the contaminated water had reached the sea. Tepco later said that plutonium had also been detected in soil at five locations at the plant but not at levels that represented a risk to human health. It said the results came from samples taken a week ago and would not stop work at the plant. Plutonium was used in the fuel mix for only one of the six reactors, number three.
As well as shortages of food, water and fuel, survivors are also having to endure frequent aftershocks. Japan lifted a tsunami warning earlier on Monday that was issued after a 6.5-magnitude quake struck off the northern coast. The quake is not reported to have caused any injuries or damage. In Miyagi prefecture – one of the worst-hit areas – the authorities estimate it will be three years before all of the rubble and debris has been cleared.
Records Show 56 Safety Violations at U.S. Nuclear Power Plants in Past 4 Years – Among the litany of violations at U.S. nuclear power plants are missing or mishandled nuclear material, inadequate emergency plans, faulty backup power generators, corroded cooling pipes and even marijuana use inside a nuclear plant. And perhaps most troubling of all, critics say, the commission has failed to correct the violations in a timely fashion.
“The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has very good safety regulations but they have very bad enforcement of those regulations.” There are 104 U.S. nuclear power plants. Scientists found 14 “near misses” at nuclear plants in 2010. And there were 56 serious violations at nuclear power plants from 2007 to 2011.
At the Dresden Nuclear Power Plant in Illinois, for instance, which is located within 50 miles of the 7 million people who live in and around Chicago, nuclear material went missing in 2007. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission fined the operator – Exelon Corp. – after discovering the facility had failed to “keep complete records showing the inventory [and] disposal of all special nuclear material in its possession.” As a result, two fuel pellets and equipment with nuclear material could not be accounted for. Two years later, federal regulators cited Dresden for allowing unlicensed operators to work with radioactive control rods. The workers allowed three control rods to be moved out of the core. When alarms went off, workers initially ignored them. At the Indian Point nuclear plant just outside New York City, the NRC found that an earthquake safety device has been leaking for 18 years. In the event of an earthquake, the faulty safety device would not help prevent water from leaking out of the reactor. A lack of water to cool the fuel rods has been the most critical problem at the Fukushima plant in Japan after the recent earthquake and tsunami. “The NRC has known it’s been leaking since 1993, “but they’ve done nothing to fix it.”
In June 2009, at the Southern Nuclear Operating Co. Inc. in Birmingham, Alabama, the emergency diesel generator – which would be used in the event of a disaster – was deemed inoperable, after years of neglect. “Cracks in the glands of the emergency diesel generator couplings had been observed since 1988, but the licensee did not recognize the cracking was an indication of coupling deterioratio.”. On April 19, 2010, the NRC cited the Tennessee Valley Authority Browns Ferry nuclear plant near Decatur for failing to provide “fire protection features capable of limiting fire damage.”
NRC safety records show that inadequate emergency planning was a recurring problem in the industry from 2007 to 2011. Violations included unapproved emergency plans and plan changes, inadequate fire planning and precautions, falsified “fire watch” certification sheets,” inadequate flooding precautions, an insufficient tone alert radio system to notify the populace in a potential emergency and faulty assessment of containment barrier thresholds. Corroded water pipes and cooling problems were also recurring issues.
Nuclear fears spark rush for detectors – A scare over irradiated food from Japan has sparked a global rush to buy radiation detectors, with most US dealers reporting they have no more stock to sell.
HAWAII – Lava returns to Pu’u ‘O’o crater. Lava is once again visible in the Pu’u ‘O’o crater. Scientists said the lava’s return follows a 17-day pause in the eruption’s activity on Kilauea Volcano’s east rift zone.
Lava was spotted shortly after 10 a.m. Saturday. HVO Webcam images showed lava slowly filling the deepest parts of the crater. An abrupt deflation occurred about the same time that lava appeared in the crater, but the deflation then switched to inflation by 11 a.m. The eruption of lava was accompanied by a brief seismic tremor burst. “Lava is currently confined to the Pu’u ‘O’o crater and, so far, poses no threat to structures within Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park or outside Park boundaries.” The crater floor collapsed March 5. A few hours later, a fissure opened southwest of Pu’u ‘O’o and began erupting fountains of lava. The lava erupted from what became known as the Kamoamoa fissure until March 9, when all activity on the east rift zone paused until Saturday.
NORTH AND SOUTH KOREA have started talks about a potential volcanic threat from the peninsula’s highest mountain, in a rare moment of co-operation after months of confrontation. The meeting at the South Korean border town of Munsan came amid heightened concern over natural disasters after the killer earthquake and ensuing tsunami devastated north-eastern Japan. Following the Japanese disaster, Pyongyang’s earthquake bureau had proposed joint research into possible activity at Mount Paekdu on the border between North Korea and China – a peak considered sacred by both sides. Since its last eruption in 1903, the mountain has been inactive. But experts say it may have an active core, citing topographical signs and satellite images. In the event of an eruption, a huge lake could overflow and deluge surrounding areas.
INDONESIA – Merapi’s Massive Mud Flows Destroy More Homes as Heavy Rains Continue. Vast torrents of volcanic mud washing down the slopes of Mount Merapi have destroyed or damaged more than 600 homes over the past few days. 106 homes have been destroyed by the mud flow, or lahar. Another 323 have suffered heavy damage, 105 moderate damage and 91 light damage. Another 11 houses are at risk. Salam, where 413 of the 625 damaged homes are located, has been the worst-effected subdistrict. The lahar has also destroyed 11 bridges, damaged four others and cut off three roads. It has left more than 3,400 people living in temporary shelters, five months after Merapi began its biggest eruption in a century. The lahar was being fed by vast quantities of volcanic ash washed by heavy rain into the Putih and Pabelan rivers, which dumped it downstream on the affected communities.
Authorities had been trying to ease the problem by dredging the rivers using heavy equipment, and by building levees to stop the rivers bursting their banks. However, many of the levees have proven too weak in the face of the lahar. The authorities had been using the mud dredged from the rivers to build up the levees. “What they should do is cart that mud away so that there’s no possibility of it washing back into the rivers when it rains.” New houses for people left homeless by Merapi’s devastating October eruptions had been completed this month. “At the moment, the new houses are being prioritized for the survivors of the eruptions. Victims of the lahar will get new shelters in the second phase of building [to begin in April].”
The lahar that hit Sleman this week flowed down the Opak and Gendol rivers, destroying homes in at least two villages. The torrents of mud will continue to pose a serious threat for at least the next four YEARS. Last year’s eruptions deposited an estimated 150 million cubic meters of ash and rock across Merapi’s slopes. It is estimated that more than two-thirds of that remains on the mountain.
The administration had been forced to extend the emergency period announced after the eruptions from the end of March to the end of April to deal with the lahar. They blamed the unseasonably heavy rains that are washing the volcanic ash into the Code River. The lahar there has damaged or destroyed around 1,000 homes this month alone. The local office of the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency has predicted the rainy season will end in April.
INDONESIA – Alert Level Lowered for Karangetang As Lava Flows Begin to Slow Down. The government has lowered the alert level for North Sulawesi’s Mount Karangetang following a decrease in lava and pyroclastic flows produced by the erupting volcano.
Deep-sea volcanoes don’t just produce lava flows, they also explode! – Geology researchers’ discovery of high concentrations of CO2 at mid-ocean ridges confirms explosive nature of certain volcanic eruptions Between 75 and 80 per cent of all volcanic activity on Earth takes place at deep-sea, mid-ocean ridges. Most of these volcanoes produce effusive lava flows rather than explosive eruptions, both because the levels of magmatic gas (which fuel the explosions and are made up of a variety of components, including, most importantly CO2) tend to be low, and because the volcanoes are under a lot of pressure from the surrounding water.
Over about the last 10 years however, geologists have nevertheless speculated, based on the presence of volcanic ash in certain sites, that explosive eruptions can also occur in deep-sea volcanoes. But no one has been able to prove it until now. A researcher has now discovered very high concentrations of CO2 in droplets of magma trapped within crystals recovered from volcanic ash deposits on Axial Volcano on the Juan de Fuca Ridge, off the coast of Oregon. These entrapped droplets represent the state of the magma prior to eruption. As a result, they have been able to prove that explosive eruptions can indeed occur in deep-sea volcanoes. Their work also shows that the release of CO2 from the deeper mantle to the Earth’s atmosphere, at least in certain parts of mid-ocean ridges, is MUCH HIGHER THAN HAD PREVIOUSLY BEEN IMAGINED. Given that mid-ocean ridges constitute the largest volcanic system on Earth, this discovery has important implications for the global carbon cycle which have yet to be explored.
NEW ZEALAND – Auckland scientists are currently putting technology in place to monitor the way the earth moves in the city of Auckland, famous for its volcanoes. The Christchurch earthquakes are deadly reminders of the earth’s raw power but a different menace lurks below New Zealand’s biggest city, Auckland. The city is dotted with volcanoes and no-one knows when a new one could blow. “We hope that we would get some warning, but we could get a new volcano appearing anytime.” One of the first signs is smaller earthquakes, which could be pushing magma up to the surface.
About 400 metres down the south stand at Eden Park is a very important borehole – it is one of five boreholes that are listening to the earth move. “There’s one of these [boreholes] at 400 metres, and one of these at 26 metres, and it just measures the movements of the earth.” The data is then presented and studied as an interactive 3D model, as a joint project between the Institute of Earth and Science Engineering and Nextspace. “It also helps you to map out what’s unknown below the surface that might cause a problem – the Canterbury fault lines for instance, were sort of known that they existed but not exactly where they are.” Scientists now plan to drill two more holes at least a kilometre deep to keep an eye underground.”So that we can pick up more smaller earthquakes, find out where the fault structure is and potentially get an earlier warning of any volcanic activity.” Negotiations are now underway with the Auckland Council to cover the $2 million needed.
Concern over Mt. Baekdu eruption growing – A slew of the latest environmental changes revealed by North Korean officials during a meeting with their South Korean counterparts on Tuesday has put greater weight that the dormant volcano on Mt. Baekdu could erupt. Volcanologists from North Korea cited snowfall in Gaeseong in late March as an UNUSUAL environmental change that they said was UNPRECEDENTED in the relatively southern part of the communist state. A North Korean volcanologist said that following the quake in Japan, they observed underground water shaking and splashing up to 60 centimeters, with usually clean water from wells occasionally turning muddy. He said all of the ABNORMAL events seem to be related to the 9.0-magnitude earthquake that hit northeastern Japan on March 11.
Many South Korean scientists have cautiously raised speculation that an eruption could take place in four to five years. They have claimed “STRANGE SIGNS,” including minor trembling near Mt. Baekdu in June 2002, and the frequency has increased. A Chinese institute monitoring volcanic activity at Mt. Baekdu acknowledged minor quakes which are too weak to be felt by human beings occur nearly 100 times per day. Among other indicators foreshadowing a future eruption is the height of Mt. Baekdu, which has grown nearly 10 centimeters since 2002. Scientists said bloated magma, a precondition for an eruption, is gradually increasing the height of the mountain as well as raising the temperature on the surface.
Experts say the socio-economic impact on the North in the event of an eruption would be so immense that it could pose a great threat to the isolated regime. “The North Korean regime has no capability to handle such a major natural disaster at all. the eruption will have a negative impact on the hunger-stricken country’s crop production and even lead to the collapse of the regime.” According to a simulation analysis, a large-scale eruption at Mt. Baekdu would send millions of tons of volcanic ash into the air. This huge mass, the analysis showed, would BLOCK THE SUN ON THE KOREAN PENINSULA FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS, resulting in the average temperature dropping by two degrees Celsius. “It will devastate agriculture, meat/poultry farming and other parts of the food supply chain in North Korea, which poses the greatest risk to its dictatorship.” South Korea’s weather agency has pushed to forge a partnership with its counterparts in Japan and China for more accurate weather forecasting including a natural disaster control system. Small-scale eruptions at Mt. Baekdu were recorded in 1413, 1597, 1668 and 1702 – the last activity was recorded in 1903.
Meanwhile, 13 dormant volcanoes in Japan are increasingly showing signs of eruption in the wake of the March 11 quake.
World’s deadliest volcano in Africa waiting to explode – Mount Nyiragongo, one of the world’s deadliest volcanos, is waiting to explode and turn Goma, a city of a million people in the Democratic Republic of Congo, into a modern day Pompeii. But scientists do not know when, since it is in the war-torn eastern edge of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The two-mile high cauldron of lava is also one of the least understood. At the base of Nyiragongo sprawls Goma with its numbers swelling by the day as villagers from the countryside seek refuge from rebel and government forces. Twice in recent years Nyiragongo’s eruptions have hit the city, destroying homes and sending residents fleeing. But now, seismologists believe, the risk is not just near the city, but directly beneath it. For the past 20 years the region has suffered nearly constant warfare.
“Goma is the most dangerous city in the world.” In 2002, 350,000 fled after the volcano shot more than 15 million cubic yards of lava into downtown Goma, destroying 14,000 homes and burying buildings to the top of the first floor. In 1977, lava raced down the mountain, killing several hundred people, even though the flow had hardened before it reached the main part of the city. But both eruptions were mere grumbles compared with the devastation seismologists believe it is ready to unleash.
TSUNAMI / FREAK WAVES / ABNORMAL TIDES / RISING SEA LEVELS –
Tsunami threat could catch U.S. Northwest off guard – the West Coast is unprepared for an earthquake and tsunami on the scale of what happened in Japan. Scientists say it’s inevitable that an offshore seismic menace called the Cascadia Subduction Zone will one day unleash a megaquake. The last time it happened was 300 years ago when a magnitude-9 shaker spawned enormous ocean waves that slammed into the West Coast and damaged Japanese fishing villages.
Mindful of the risks of waves as high as 60 feet, communities in the Pacific Northwest have worked on their defenses, installing sirens to warn of dangerous waves, posting hazard signs to mark inundation zones, designating evacuation routes and holding evacuation drills. Scientists in the Pacific Northwest hadn’t understood the geology and the threat it poses until recent decades when they discovered evidence of big quakes near the coast over the last 10,000 years — about 20 that were the size of the March 11 quake in Japan.
By contrast, the Japanese have long paid close attention to quakes and tsunamis. Their written records from 1700 allowed North American scientists a few years ago to fix the timing of the last Pacific Northwest megaquake, right down to the hour it occurred. So the death and damage caused by this month’s earthquake and tsunami in Japan were worrisome on the other side of the Pacific. “We’re not nearly as well prepared as the Japanese, and clearly they were overwhelmed. It is a problem.”
Elevated refuges are among the Japan-style responses to the tsunami threat that experts say helped to mitigate the destruction and death. And these are just pieces in a giant puzzle for the Northwest in dealing with the aftermath of a disaster that could bring Katrina-style devastation to a region of 13 million people west of the Cascade Range. In Cannon Beach, the former mayor has proposed replacing the current City Hall, seismically unsound, with a two-story building on stilts to provide refuge to as many as 1,500 people. The second floor would house city offices. Atop that would be a terrace. The idea is still conceptual, awaiting vetting by structural and geophysical engineers. That could add to the tentative $4 million price tag. There’s nothing like it from Northern California to British Columbia and, so far, no money for anything like it.
There are no current plans in California to build special tsunami-resistant structures, but some communities are looking at ways to herd residents to existing buildings perched on higher ground in the event of dangerous waves. In Washington state, emergency managers are working with coastal communities to develop local plans for elevated evacuation structures that could do double duty, such as steel-reinforced earthen berms 20 feet high that could support bleachers at a stadium.
“Right now, there’s no funding for anything like this, through state and federal funding.” Many places on the Pacific Northwest coast don’t have high ground close to the beach, such as the flats of southwest Washington’s Long Beach peninsula.
The message that has to be driven home for coastal residents is there are just a few keys to surviving a tsunami, including the importance of getting to higher ground and staying there, even if your family is scattered. It’s also important to find a way to hoof it to higher ground — rather than trying to drive and dealing with gridlock — while also designating someone on solid ground as the family contact point. Governments can make it easier for people to survive tsunamis by creating shelters on high ground, and making sure paths uphill are clear of the invasive blackberry brambles that plague the coast.
SNEAKER WAVES – the mighty Pacific Ocean claims, on average, about 100 people each year along West coast beaches that stretch from southern California up to the very top of Washington State. Officials say many die while “in the midst of playing on the beach or standing or hiking along coastal vantage points.”
In the coastal town of Yachats, “the danger we face is caused by rip currents that form something we call ‘sneaker waves,’ that move around the coastal cliffs and then collapse on bystanders in much the same way as what killed these teens on Saturday [February 5].” According to police officials, the two Eugene high school seniors died instantly after the 10-foot wave lifted them off the slippery rocks and took them out to sea. More than 60 deaths have occurred along this same stretch of coast over the past 10 years.
From the Oregon UFO “watchers” group that regularly patrols the rugged coastal area around Yachats to the tens of thousands of tourists who visit the region for whale watching, there’s one general rule: Be aware that these areas can be dangerous because of waves surges, slippery rocks and sharp surfaces. While it’s no surprise for locals about this rise in the number of deaths on Oregon coast beaches due to sudden wave movements by the Pacific Ocean, “it does catch our tourists unaware. You get folks coming to the beach thinking it’s laid back and easy. They let their guard down, not thinking about the ocean or being surprised by waves and rolling logs.” With more people visiting who are not used to the “moods” of the Pacific, they get caught.
Japanese Rules for Nuclear Plants Relied on Old Science – In the country that gave the world the word tsunami, the Japanese nuclear establishment largely disregarded the potentially destructive force of the walls of water. The word did not even appear in government guidelines until 2006, decades after plants — including the Fukushima Daiichi facility that firefighters are still struggling to get under control — began dotting the Japanese coastline.
The lack of attention may help explain how, on an island nation surrounded by clashing tectonic plates that commonly produce tsunamis, the protections were so tragically minuscule compared with the nearly 46-foot tsunami that overwhelmed the Fukushima plant on March 11. Offshore breakwaters, designed to guard against typhoons but not tsunamis, succumbed quickly as a first line of defense. The wave grew three times as tall as the bluff on which the plant had been built.
Japanese government and utility officials have repeatedly said that engineers could never have anticipated the magnitude 9.0 earthquake — by far the largest in Japanese history — that caused the sea bottom to shudder and generated the huge tsunami. Even so, seismologists and tsunami experts say that according to readily available data, an earthquake with a magnitude as low as 7.5 – almost garden variety around the Pacific Rim – could have created a tsunami large enough to top the bluff at Fukushima.
After an advisory group issued nonbinding recommendations in 2002, Tokyo Electric Power Company, the plant owner and Japan’s biggest utility, raised its maximum projected tsunami at Fukushima Daiichi to between 17.7 and 18.7 feet — considerably higher than the 13-foot-high bluff. Yet the company appeared to respond only by raising the level of an electric pump near the coast by 8 inches, presumably to protect it from high water. “We can only work on precedent, and there was no precedent. When I headed the plant, the thought of a tsunami never crossed my mind.”
The intensity with which the earthquake shook the ground at Fukushima also exceeded the criteria used in the plant’s design, though by a less significant factor than the tsunami. Based on what is known now, the tsunami set off the nuclear crisis by flooding the backup generators needed to power the reactor cooling system.
For some experts, the underestimate of the tsunami threat at Fukushima is frustratingly reminiscent of the earthquake — this time with no tsunami — in July 2007 that struck Kashiwazaki, a Tokyo Electric nuclear plant on Japan’s western coast. The ground at Kashiwazaki shook as much as two and a half times the maximum intensity envisioned in the plant’s design, prompting upgrades at the plant. “They had years to prepare at that point, after Kashiwazaki, and I am seeing the same thing at Fukushima.” When Fukushima was designed, seismology and its intersection with the structural engineering of nuclear power plants was in its infancy. Engineers employed a lot of guesswork, adopting a standard that structures inside nuclear plants should have three times the quake resistance of general buildings. “There was no basis in deciding on three times.” Seawalls were erected higher than the highest tsunamis on record. At Fukushima Daiichi, officials at Tokyo Electric used a contemporary tsunami — a 10.5-foot-high wave caused by a 9.5-magnitude earthquake in Chile in 1960 — as a reference point. The 13-foot-high cliff on which the plant was built would serve as a natural seawall. Eighteen-foot-high offshore breakwaters were built as part of the company’s anti-tsunami strategy. But regulators said the breakwaters — mainly intended to shelter boats — offered some resistance against typhoons, but not tsunamis.
Over the decades, preparedness against tsunamis never became a priority for Japan’s power companies or nuclear regulators. Even though tsunami simulations offered new ways to assess the risks of tsunamis, plant operators made few changes at their aging facilities, and nuclear regulators did not press them. Although the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission has come under severe criticism for not taking the adoption of new techniques far enough, the agency did use many of them in new, plant-by-plant reviews. For whatever reasons — whether cultural, historical or simply financial — Japanese engineers working on nuclear plants continued to predict what they believed were maximum earthquakes based on records. Those methods, however, did not take into account serious uncertainties like faults that had not been discovered or earthquakes that were gigantic but rare.
The science of tsunamis advanced through the years, with far better measurements of their size, vastly expanded statistics as more occurred, and computer calculations that help predict what kinds of tsunamis are produced by earthquakes of various sizes. Earthquakes of a magnitude down to about 7.5 can create tsunamis large enough to go over the 13-foot bluff protecting the Fukushima plant. Japan’s underestimation of the tsunami risk was called a “cascade of stupid errors that led to the disaster” and that relevant data was virtually impossible to overlook by anyone in the field.
Perhaps the saddest observation by scientists outside Japan is that, even through the narrow lens of recorded tsunamis, the potential for easily overtopping the anti-tsunami safeguards at Fukushima should have been recognized. In 1993 a magnitude 7.8 quake produced tsunamis with heights greater than 30 feet off Japan’s western coast, spreading wide devastation. Two decades after Fukushima Daiichi came online, researchers poring through old records estimated that a quake known as Jogan had actually produced a tsunami that reached nearly one mile inland in an area just north of the plant. That tsunami struck in 869.
Tsunami returns island life to a bygone age – Six tsunamis swept onto Oshima Island off Japan’s devastated northeast coast after the powerful offshore earthquake on March 11. The disaster severed water supplies and electricity from the mainland, and it may be months before they are restored. Survivors from this community of 3,500 are banding together and resurrecting bygone practices to get by. “I go to the river two or three times a day to get water.” Televisions, blow dryers, space heaters lay jumbled amid the splintered wreckage, the appliances all quiet now without power.
An old wood-burning stove, dragged into a small clearing with a view of the ocean below, has become the meeting place for this part of the island, known as Isokusa. Residents, many now living on the upper floors of a nearby hotel, sit on logs and feed scraps of their ruined homes into the stove to stay warm. “The thing I miss most is electricity.” Residents subsisted for a couple of weeks on bread and canned food, but now rice and other staples have begun to arrive by small boat.
Two yellow tractors tried to pull a two-story home out of the sea with thick ropes threaded through holes in the roof. “The third tsunami carried my house away.” Many families relied on the ocean for their income, raising seaweed, scallops and oysters. This year’s crop has been ruined, along with most of the boats and equipment. The streets are littered with smashed oysters, and nets and buoys hang from trees along the shore. “My house and my boat were insured. But you can’t insure boiling pots and other equipment.” The timing of the disaster was especially painful, as it came a week before they were to harvest this year’s crop of “wakame,” a seaweed widely used in Japanese salads and soups. One man, whose family has lived on the island for more than 200 years, estimates he has lost 100 million yen ($1.2 million) in product and supplies. Most fishermen have some gear left and, by mixing and matching, they may be able to assemble enough to raise a small crop jointly. “We’re going to combine what we have and work together for a year or two. It’s impossible to do it alone.”
MYSTERY BOOMS / SKYQUAKES –
OREGON – 3/28/11 – Rumble and Noise Alarms Central Oregon Coast Residents Monday. A small rumbling was felt on the central Oregon coast Monday, along with loud booming noise, lighting up Twitter and Facebook accounts all around the state as people in the region asked each other: Did you feel it? The question now is: was it a quake, a sonic boom or thunder?
Earlier in the day, the USGS office in Seattle said a magnitude 2 earthquake did indeed shake the region at 11:02 a.m. The tiny tremor was 10.5 miles deep, and happened between Tillamook and Newport, somewhere right along the shoreline. Instruments seem to put it about four kilometers outside of Hebo. The two events seem to be unconnected, however. Geographically it matched up, but people in Lincoln City said what they heard and felt occurred around 1 p.m., while the quake was around 11 a.m. Further updates during the day on Monday from instruments on the central coast indicate there was no quake around 1 p.m. The noise and rumble does fit the profile of military exercises off the Oregon coast, which sometimes create sonic booms. A resident did snap a photograph of what appeared to be a thunderhead cloud near Lincoln City just before the noise. The mystery boom and rumble could have been thunder as well. Many people on the central coast have been talking about feeling it via social networks, especially in the Lincoln City and Otis areas. The USGS wants to hear from those who felt it so they can learn more from the event.
TROPICAL STORMS –
Heavy rain expected in North Island, New Zealand as Bune weakens – There is a severe weather warning for the central North Island. There’s a overnight heavy rain warning for the Bay of Plenty and Taupo, which will continue onto Sunday. Another front is also expected to move up the South Island today, bringing heavy rain to West Coast and Alps, Southland and Otago. The heaviest falls are expected in the ranges of Westland.
Meanwhile, Cyclone Bune has weakened slightly, classing as a strong Category Two cyclone down from Category Three Saturday morning. The storm has been drifting very slowly in a south easterly direction. It is expected to track to the east of New Zealand midway through next week. There’s a chance of dangerous rips and surfs along the east coast during that time. At this stage, the cyclone is not expected to hit New Zealand directly, but people at east coast beaches should expect large rips. It was too early to make predictions about its effect on New Zealand because of the high degree of uncertainty about its track.
Over 3,700 Burmese Fishermen Still Missing, Presumed Dead – Of the 7,000 fishermen that were swept into the Andaman Sea during a tropical storm on March 14-16, a total of 3,374 have now been rescued. The remaining 3,700 are still missing. Nearly two weeks since 400 fishing vessels were overturned or destroyed in 70mph winds, little hope remains of anyone else surviving. “There are currently about 400 fishing vessels at sea trying to rescue survivors of the storm.”
The tropical storm occurred off the Irrawaddy delta coast close to areas such as Bogalay and Laputta which were severely hit by Cyclone Nargis in May 2008. “We already listed 7,000 people as missing at sea along with their vessels. But that figure does not include those people living in littoral areas. So the number of dead may be higher.” Naval sources have estimated that the majority of missing fishermen are from Irrawaddy Division and Mon State. On March 13 that 100 houses and 38 huts in Rangoon and 20 houses in Irrawaddy Division were destroyed by the torrential winds. Burma’s Department of Meteorology and Hydrology reported on March 14 that the region would experience heavy winds and rain with some thunder and lightning, but did not predict the tropical storm.
Tropical Cyclone Bune is making its way down to New Zealand and is expected to pass to the east of the country from Wednesday. The eye of the storm is expected to pass directly over Raoul Island in the Kermadec group tonight.
Tropical cyclone weakening but may still bring bad weather. Tropical cycloneBune which lashed a small community of scientists on Raoul Island last night is set to bring strong winds and rain to New Zealand.
AUSTRALIA – A tropcial low hovering off the Northern Territory coast north of Darwin could develop into a cyclone as early as tomorrow. The weather bureau last night said there was up to a 50 per cent chance the low would develop into a cyclone.
Cyclone watch has been declared on the Tiwi Islands with a “broad” tropical low set to bring more monsoonal conditions to the mainland. The low, developing north of Croker Island 80km from Darwin, is moving slowly but is expected to gain momentum as it moves south-west over the Timor Sea tomorrow. The cyclone is expected to develop on Friday with the entire Top End of Australia to cop the effects. Tiwi residents have been warned to clear yards and balconies and commence home shelter and emergency kit preparations.
AUSTRALIA – The cyclone watch for the Northern Territory has been cancelled. A tropical low pressure weather system of 1001ha is estimated to be 140km west northwest of Darwin and moving west at 10km/h. The system is expected to turn southwest and develop into a tropical cyclone as it nears the north Kimberley coast on Saturday morning. A small part of the tropical low split from the main system and passed over Darwin last night. “A small vortex came down near Darwin and that produced all the rain. The main low stayed near the Tiwis.”
The track of the tropical low was not similar to that of Cyclone Tracy. “Tracy actually came and went past the islands, the whole system came into Darwin.” March was a below-average month for rainfall, with 231mm in the gauge at Darwin Airport, where a normal expectation would be around 319mm. So far this Wet, Darwin Airport has clocked 2725mm of rain, with a month to go before it can beat the record of 3048.6mm at Pirlangimpi on Melville Island from the 1999-2000 wet season.
Things are looking better for the weekend, with more sunshine opening up. ‘Rain will be easing off, but still a few showers, and potential storm, but a lot less that what we’ve seen. The active monsoon will hang around at least the weekend or early next week, but it depends what happens with this cyclone, it might take some of the weather with it.”
The tropical low is expected to form into a cyclone tomorrow morning off the Kimberly coast There is a cyclone warning for areas between the NT border and Mitchell Plateau, and the coast between Mitchell Plateau and Cockatoo Island is on cyclone watch. Tides on Saturday will be higher than normal between Wyndham and Kalumburu, and heavy rain is expected in the Kimberlys.
AUSTRALIA – Power back on soon for cyclone victims. Ergon Energy expects north Queensland’s cyclone-damaged power network will be completely repaired within the next three weeks. Sections of the network are still damaged from Cyclone Yasi which crossed
the coast in February. More than 3,500 defaults were recorded after the cyclone and a big push is underway to fix the last of the problems. At the moment there are certainly a number of customers, certainly in the Tully area, some in the Ingham area, that don’t have power…We expect it will be finished probably within the next three weeks.”
AccuWeather’s 2011 hurricane forecast is out – AccuWeather.com expects “an active season with more impact on the U.S. coastline than last year.” It predicts 15 named tropical storms, with eight reaching hurricane strength, and three becoming “major” (Cat. 3) storms. That’s more than average, but less than 2010’s third-busiest 19, 12 and 5. Since no hurricane made U.S. landfall in 2010, predicting a “higher potential” this year seems a safe bet. The season officially begins June 1 and lasts through November.
This year’s predictions are based on several factors. These include the El Nino/La Nina cycle in the Pacific. We’re currently in a waning La Nina, and it will be in a neutral phase by summer – not cycling into the warm-water El Nino conditions in the tropical eastern Pacific, which tend to produce stronger westerly winds in the Atlantic. “Stronger westerlies would prohibit major storms, or a lot of storms, so it is a critical factor.”
Saharan dust is another factor. When it blows west out over the Atlantic, it can inhibit storm formation. “Current projections … suggest there will be episodes of dust affecting development, but no more than normal.” They also factor in the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. This is a long-term cycle of Atlantic surface water temperature and atmospheric factors. It has been in a positive, warm-water phase since 1994, and that has meant generally more active hurricane seasons than the historic average.
They believe the early part of the season will see the highest risk for the western Gulf of Mexico and the southern Caribbean. By the mid- and late-season months, the risk will shift to the eastern Gulf and Caribbean, as well as the Florida peninsula and the Atlantic coast from Florida to the Carolinas. (map of 2010 storm tracks)
HEAVY RAINS / FLOODING / LANDSLIDES / UNUSUAL & OUT-OF-SEASON WEATHER –
THAILAND – Serious floods in the south of Thailand have killed three people and affected tens of thousands more, causing about $9.2 million of damage.
Emergency disaster zones have been declared in 34 districts across five provinces since heavy downpours began on Wednesday. “Since rains began on March 23, there have been floods, strong winds and landslide in several areas,” said the governor of Nakhon Si Thammarat province, which has been hardest hit. “There are about 30,000 families or 80,000 people affected by these floods.” Devastating flooding across Thailand late last year left more than 220 people dead, damaging the homes or livelihoods of an estimated 8.6 million people in 51 of the kingdom’s 76 provinces.
AUSTRALIA – A RARE plant that flowers underwater and HASN’T BEEN SEEN FOR 20 YEARS has been discovered after drought-breaking rain in Victoria. Eriocaulon Australasicum, otherwise known as Austral Pipewort, was spotted in February by at a wetland in the Wimmera region after disappearing in the mid-1990s. A second population of pipewort was later detected in the Southern Grampians and are now being monitored by staff from the environment department. The biology of the water-loving plant remains a mystery but it is thought to appear after prolonged immersion in warming swamp waters. “The plants can reach a maximum of nine centimetres and start to produce flower shoots under water.” Austral Pipewort was first discovered in 1853 but a second specimen was not collected until 1975.
AUSTRALIA – Evacuations after more landslips at Hideaway Bay as heavy rain continues in Queensland. Homes have been evacuated in a north Queensland coastal community after heavy rain caused more landslips overnight. Fourteen homes were evacuated in Hideaway Bay, southeast of Bowen, last night after more landslips hit the township following a big slide on Tuesday. Police declared an emergency situation and door-knocked homes.
There are no reports of injuries but because of the poor weather and dark, the level of damage to property can not be established until daylight. Police remain in the area.
There is no relief is in sight for flooded north Queensland, with TORRENTIAL RAIN EXPECTED TO CONTINUE FOR THE REST OF THE WEEK. The Bruce Highway remains cut and Proserpine airport and many local roads have closed as the weather bureau warns heavy falls will continue, with daily totals expected to 200mm. More than 400mm has flooded parts of the coast in the past two days, THE HEAVIEST RAIN IN MORE THAN 20 YEARS. Proserpine, north of Mackay, has been one of the wettest areas with about 450mm in 48 hours – their biggest rainfall since January 1991. Further north, Bowen has had about 400mm, their highest two-day total since February 1991.
Weatherzone meteorologists said it had rained for 23 days in the region this month, about 10 more than normal. “An unstable area of converging winds will slowly edge north and take the focus of rain closer to Townsville in the next few days and further north from the weekend. There’s not a huge amount of relief ahead in the Bowen, Proserpine and Mackay area, with another 100mm still possible. Once the heavy rain eases in the next day or two, frequent showers are still likely into next week in fresh southeasterly winds.” Flood warnings have been issued for coastal rivers between Townsville and Mackay, including the Don River. Proserpine had had ITS WETTEST MARCH IN AT LEAST 33 YEARS with about 900mm of rain. “Mackay has also had heavy downpours … lifting its monthly total to over 700mm.” The southeast didn’t escape the rainfall, with the wet weather causing a spate of car accidents and long delays for commuters across Brisbane throughout the day.
THAILAND – Severe flooding after days of torrential rain across the south of Thailand has killed at least 15 people and stranded thousands of tourists. Trains to the region have been cancelled and several airports shut. Mainland roads are also blocked.
Odd weather puzzles Thailand academics – The extreme weather events that have assailed Thailand during what is normally midsummer – a severe cold snap in the northern half of the country and massive flooding in the South – have forced puzzled professors to throw out their forecasting textbooks. “Our department is seeking what has caused such extreme events. We’re studying why a high pressure area from China could persist and reach many parts of Thailand during the summer,” the deputy director general of the Meteorological Department said. A lecturer at the Disaster and Land Information Studies Unit of Chulalongkorn University urged the government to invest in and pay more attention to more accurate weather forecasts for particular areas to prevent damage and loss. The current natural phenomenon during summertime was VERY STRANGE.
“A similar situation was recorded in 1986, but that was in early March, between the cold and hot seasons. So it was understandable it could occur in the transition period. But it is now different, as it is cold and rainy in late March. The cold spell will last for two days, and the weather will then go back to hot as usual.” The latest flood bulletin for the South issued by the department warned that torrential rain would continue falling over much of the area. People should beware of flooding conditions in the following one or two days. After that, there would be less rain. One said this odd weather was a side effect of La Nina, but another said La Nina was not a direct factor. La Nina appeared in July last year. It caused huge floods in the Northeast, especially in Nakhon Ratchasima, and in the South, Songkhla’s Hat Yai district in particular. “According to the latest foreign models that use sea surface temperatures to forecast La Nina and El Nino, La Nina will last until May.” Both said this summer would not be as hot as last summer. “Extreme events can cause disasters such as droughts, flooding and cold weather. They will affect plants and agricultural produce or even kill people. So it’s time for the government to establish an independent organisation to help forecast possible disasters based on academic knowledge to reduce losses.”
AUSTRALIA – A disaster zone has been declared in the north Queensland township of Hideaway Bay which has been partially smothered by massive mudslides over the last few days. Only light rain fell overnight but with downpours expected today. People who were evacuated from their homes yesterday will not be allowed to return until the risk is reassessed. “We’re expecting between 100 and 200mm of rain today, 10 houses are still evacuated and they’ll remain evacuated. The area was declared a disaster yesterday afternoon but I haven’t had any more reports of slips last night, and a geotech engineer will check the site again today before he goes back to Brisbane.” More than 600mm of rain has been recorded around Hideaway Bay since Tuesday, triggering massive landslides which dumped knee deep mud and rocks across two roads.
WASHINGTON – Major flooding expected in King, Snohomish counties. Heavy overnight rain from a tropical storm in the area also prompted flood warnings for the Stillaguamish, Puyallup, Tolt and Green rivers in King, Pierce and Snohomish counties. A flood watch remained in effect for eight other counties. The National Weather Service said the rain, delivered in the form of a “plume of subtropical moisture,” was expected to be heavy at times on Thursday on the coast and in the mountains. Conditions should be drier by today. Two days of rain in the Cascades – and a forecast for another 4 to 8 inches Thursday – is what’s causing the flooding. An avalanche warning was also issued for the Cascades and Olympics. The storm has largely skipped Seattle and central and north Puget Sound areas.
EXTREME HEAT / WILDFIRES / DROUGHT / CLIMATE CHANGE-
Massive robotic clouds will float above Qatar to shade their World Cup stadiums. Organizers have taken heat over the potentially dangerous summer temperatures in Qatar. But the Arab emirate has come up with a futuristic solution, and as usual, cost is not an issue. Summertime temps in Qatar can reach 122°F (50°C). Players and spectators alike face serious health risks in such sweltering heat, even leading the FIFA president to (albeit unsuccessfully) lobby for playing the World Cup in the winter months.
So it was back to the drawing board for the desert nation, and scientists have hatched a plan to hover giant robotic clouds over the venues to keep out the sun. The clouds are essentially massive blimps, filled with helium, and will be floated above stadiums. Four onboard solar-powered engines will allow the clouds to be controlled from the ground, shifting along with the sun’s zenith, serving as a huge umbrella in the sky to shade spectators and athletes. The clouds come at a cost of $500,000 each, pocket change for the Middle Eastern nation.
UN report: Cities ignore climate change at their peril – Urban areas are set to become the battleground in the global effort to curb climate change, the UN has warned. The assessment by UN-Habitat said that the world’s cities were responsible for about 70% of emissions, yet only occupied 2% of the planet’s land cover. While cities were energy intensive, the study also said that effective urban planning could deliver huge savings. The authors warned of a “deadly collision between climate change and urbanisation” if no action was taken. “We are seeing how urbanisation is growing – we have passed the threshold of 50% (of the world’s population living in urban areas). There are no signs that we are going to diminish this path of growth, and we know that with urbanisation, energy consumption is higher.”
According to UN data, an estimated 59% of the world’s population will be living in urban areas by 2030. Every year, the number of people who live in cities and town grows by 67 million each year – 91% of this figure is being added to urban populations in developing countries. The main reasons why urban areas were energy intensive was a result of increased transport use, heating and cooling homes and offices, as well as economic activity to generate income. The report added that as well as cities’ contribution to climate change, towns and cities around the globe were also vulnerable to the potential consequences, such as: Increase in the frequency of warm spells/heat waves over most land areas, Greater number of heavy downpours, Growing number of areas affected by drought, Increase in the incidence of extremely high sea levels in some parts of the world.
As well as the physical risks posed by future climate change, some urban areas will face difficulties providing basic services. “These changes will affect water supply, physical infrastructure, transport, ecosystem goods and services, energy provision and industrial production. Local economies will be disrupted and populations will be stripped of their assets and livelihoods.”
A recent assessment highlighted a number of regions where urban areas were at risk from climate-related hazards, such as droughts, landslides, cyclones and flooding. These included sub-Saharan Africa, South and South East Asia, southern Europe, the east coast of South America and the west coast of the US.
AUSTRALIA – Perth city has recorded its HOTTEST AND SUNNIEST MARCH ON RECORD. The Bureau of Meteorology reports that Perth’s mean daily maximum temperature in March was 31.9c, breaking the previous record of 31.8c set in 1978. The average temperature for Perth in March was 29.5C.
Perth Metro also recorded zero rainfall during March, which has occurred on six other occasions, the last being in 2004. Up to March 31, Perth had not recorded rainfall for 58 days, the longest dry spell since a 78-day run between November 21 to February 6, 2010. Perth’s longest dry spell since records began in 1876 was 83 days between December 15, 1974 and March 7, 1975. Daily temperatures in the city in the first three months of 2011 were mostly two to three degrees above normal.
Perth’s mean daily maximum temperature for January to March was 32.9C, the HOTTEST START TO THE YEAR SINCE RECORDS BEGAN in 1897, breaking the previous record of 32.3C set in 1978. The average for the January to March period was 30.5C. Perth also recorded average daily sunshine of 11.0 hours in March, the sunniest March on record. The average rate of sunshine for March in Perth is 9.5 hours per day.
NEW ZEALAND – 3/29/11 – ‘Desk-sized’ meteor streaks across New Zealand’s night sky. It wasn’t a bird a plane or a UFO, but authorities say a meteor spotted last night in New Zealand skies could have been the size of a desk. Reports of the bright flashing light were received from Auckland and as far south as Wellington about 11pm local time, while some Kiwis reported hearing a sonic boom. Eyewitness reports have described a very bright blue light which lit up the sky like daylight. Police say they received about a dozen calls from people concerned the light was an emergency flare.
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